Internationales Intensive Programme (IP) im Programm für lebenslanges Lernen: Bildungschancen für alle - Erasmus - der Europäischen Kommission.
Metropolia (Espoo, Finland), HiST (Trondheim, Norway), HvA (Amsterdam, The Netherlands), UPV (Valencia, Spain) and H-BRS (Sankt Augustin, Germany)
2010 - 2013
Programm für lebenslanges Lernen: Bildungschancen für alle - Erasmus - der Europäischen Kommission.
Students and lecturers from the universities Metropolia (Espoo, Finland), HiST (Trondheim, Norway), HvA (Amsterdam, The Netherlands), UPV (Valencia, Spain) and H-BRS (Sankt Augustin, Germany) jointly learn and teach about safe and secure systems on the example of robotics.
Currently emerging markets appear for intelligent mechatronic systems doing their task autonomously to a high degree on base of software-controlled functionality.
Products like nursing robots, surveillance & security robots, intelligent domestic appliances and production robots interacting directly with skilled workers promise improved quality of life for the people, improvements in the production and business opportunities for companies. On the other side their malfunction may also introduce a number of new dangers for people. As these systems meanwhile have extended communication features they allow extended service applications - like direct communication between robots working on a common task or for online system updates. But this also allows rather new forms of malfunctions: due to manipulated software - e.g. by computer virus attacks via wireless communication - a simultaneous change from well-tempered behaviour of hundreds of instances of a machine type towards aggression may be induced. So safety can only be guaranteed in combination with security.
Especially the method of open source projects may help here to harden the systems against such attacks. Examples show that the typically large number of skilled volunteers in such projects manage to reveal a lot more of hidden problems than other software products.
With the well recognized standards (e.g. EN-IEC-61508 or EN-ISO-13849) the EU already takes a stand in the field of safety of machinery, even covering security aspects. But design, development, production and service of such safety- and security-critical systems on the base of open source software requires companies tayloring products and services.
Beside an open source community the companies need employees with awareness and multidisciplinary knowledge in safety & security design which in most regular university study programmes is not, or only insufficiently addressed. Supplementing regular course programmes with an Intensive Programme as proposed here is certainly a reasonable method to compensate the lack.
The required interdisciplinary approach starts with basic safety principles (analysis of hardware and software failures, analysis of weakpoints in software security, risk assessment, quantification of safety, etc.) and covers as well hardware aspects (mechanics, electronics, processors systems etc.) as well software aspects (control programs, software quality, testability etc.). Further mentality driven differences in the perception of people from different countries have to be aligned.
It can be expected that students with such multidisciplinary skills can help to improve the products and to strengthen the position of European companies. Hence, the topic is a valuable extension to regular higher education programmes in mechanical engineering, electronics engineering, computer science and computer engineering as well as robotics and safety science.
Das erste IP hat an der Hochschule Bonn-Rhein-Sieg in Sankt Augustin vom 28. März - 08. April 2011 mit insgesamt 78 Studierenden und 17 Dozenten stattgefunden.
Von der H-BRS waren 21 Studierende und 7 Dozenten aus den Fachbereichen 02 und 03 beteiligt.
Vom 16.-27. April 2012 hat das IP an der Universidad Politècnica de València in Spanien mit insgesamt 67 Studierenden und 14 Dozenten stattgefunden. Von der H-BRS waren 15 Studierende und 5 Dozenten aus den Fachbereichen 02 und 03 beteiligt.
Das IP hat vom 08.-19. April 2013 an der Metropolia-Hochschule in Espoo/Finnland mit insgesamt 64 Studierenden und 15 Dozenten stattgefundenstattgefunden. (http://www.metropolia.fi/en/) Von der H-BRS waren 20 Studierende und 5 Dozenten aus den Fachbereichen 02 und 03 beteiligt.